- Occidental College - Two years.
- Columbia University - B.A. political science with a specialization in international relations.
- Harvard - Juris Doctor (J.D.) Magna Cum Laude
- University of Delaware - B.A. in history and B.A. in political science.
- Syracuse University College of Law - Juris Doctor (J.D.)
- United States Naval Academy - Class rank 894 of 899
- Hawaii Pacific University - 1 semester
- North Idaho College - 2 semesters - general study
- University of Idaho - 2 semesters - journalism
- Matanuska-Susitna College - 1 semester
- University of Idaho - 3 semesters - B.A. in journalism
(thanks to Steve Newport)